• MUDEJAR: Muslims of Al-Andalus who remained in Iberia after the Christian Reconquista. There was also a group of Jews among them. Sometimes they were persecuted or driven out from the Christian Kingdoms, but there were also period of peaceful co-existence.

  • RECONQUISTA: (‘reconquest’) it was a period of 750 years in which several Christian kingdoms slowly expanded themselves over the Iberian Peninsula at the expense of the Muslim states of Al-Andalus. It was a process not only of war and conquest, but also repopulation of the Duero basin. The process finished with the fall of Granada, the Nasrid Kingdom conquered by the Catholic Monarchs. 

  • EL CID CAMPEADOR: Apodo de Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar, un mercenario al servicio tanto de cristianos como de musulmanes, que se convirtió en un héroe para el bando cristiano tras sus hazañas en Valencia, donde murió. El poema épico del Cantar de Mio Cid describe sus aventuras.